Help - Search - Members - Calendar
Full Version: 1964 Chrysler Corporation's Turbine Car
Dieselstation Car Forums > The Cool Wall > Legacy Cool Wall > Cool
Chrysler Corporation's Turbine Car of 1963 was the culmination of years of research and development in alternative engine design. The idea was to produce a power plant that would run on many fuels, have fewer moving parts, while still giving adequate performance and economy for passenger car use.

Chrysler engineers had been testing turbine technology in passenger cars since the mid 1950's. The first car to be equipped with a turbine engine was a 1954 Plymouth Belvedere. This "first generation" turbine design produced 100 horsepower and suffered from poor acceleration and fuel economy. As research continued, Chrysler developed a "second generation" turbine that was put to test in 1959. This engine produced 200 horsepower and was built from new materials that proved vastly superior to the previous design. A more refined version of the engine was installed in a 1960 Plymouth, a 2 1/2 ton Dodge truck, and the TurboFlite show car that was designed by Maury Baldwin. A major advancement came in 1962, with the introduction of the CR2A turbine engine. The CR2A made vast improvements in performance and engine braking by incorporating a variable angle fuel nozzle. The CR2A could go from idle to full output in 1.5-2 seconds, as compared with earlier turbines that took 7 seconds to reach full output. After the many advances in turbine engine technology, Chrysler put together plans to produce a limited number of unique cars that would feature the turbine power plant. These cars would not be adaptations of a current production vehicle, but a new design styled and built around the turbine engine.

Chrysler decided to produce fifty of the Turbine Cars and release them to public through a test program. The cars were fabricated by the Italian coachbuilder Ghia, who had been building Chrysler's limousines and show cars for a number of years. The cars were shipped back to the U.S., where they would be distributed to participants of the test program. The participants were selected from a list of over 30,000 applicants that Chrysler had collected. Each car would be driven by a program participant for several months, then passed on. By the end of the test program in 1966, 203 people in 48 states had driven the Turbine Cars.

Unfortunately, as the test program ended, the results were not as favorable as Chrysler had hoped. Fuel economy was not as good as Chrysler hoped for a production car. People diskliked the acceleration lag of the turbine as compared to conventional piston engines. To the credit of the Turbine Car, people were impressed with the design and features of the car and with its smooth, vibration free ride. Another point in favor of the Turbine, was that the engine required very little maintenance as compared to conventional engines.

The saddest portion of the Turbine Car story is that forty of the cars had to be destroyed to save Chrysler from paying hefty import duties on the Italian built cars. Most of the ten that remain are in the care of private collectors or museums. Two of the Turbine Cars were kept by Chrysler and one is on display in the Chrysler Museum.

Turbine Engine Production
CR1 54-56 Plymouth Belvedere 4-door ~100 HP Poor fuel economy (13-14 MPG) No engine braking Slow spool up
CR2 56-57 56 Belvedere, 57 Fury Better regenerator Better fuel economy (18 MPG)
CR2A 60-61 60 Fury, 62 Fury(2), 62 Dart(2) 61 Dodge 2 1/2 ton stake Turboflite show car. 140 HP, 375lb-ft, adjustable nozzle blades
A831 63-66 63 Turbine Cars (50) 130 HP, 425 lb-ft much less lag.
A874 64 64 Plymouth(2) Same as A831 but with larger regenerators.
Gen6 64-73 Prototype Charger, 66 Coronet 73 B-Body sedans(3) Same as A875 but with split accessory drive.
Gen7 77 76 4-door Aspen, Concept F-body 80 Mirada 104 HP (could be raised to 125)
Isn't this a one-off of sorts?
i guess you could say that it was, but they did make this car, but then demolished them, and like it said, somthing like 200 people test drove the car, so i don tknow what you would call it, but the strange part is, it that it did see the asphault and was actually used by people, so im confused.......
The headlights are ugly! sick.gif

The rear is kind of weird. huh.gif
QUOTE(Raven @ Mar 30 2005, 08:07 AM)
The headlights are ugly! sick.gif

The rear is kind of weird. huh.gif

it is from the 60's, what do you expect
I think it's cool, just because it's so different from anything else on the road.
it looks kinda dorky.
Love it, but once again, that's not the purpose of the cool wall. I vote seriously uncool.
I actually saw this car in the St Louis museum of transportation and the curator told me that it was OPEC that saw to the death of this car, not Chrysler. They had planned to run the car in limited production, and the engines were being looked into for extensive future development, but as soon as OPEC found out about the threat that the engine gave them, they lobbied against this sort of engine from the angle that the high rpms would result in noise and the car would be a public nusiance. Waht scared them was that these engines can burn anything flammable (hairspray, gas, diesel, etc.) effciently, that would have been a thorn in the side to OPEC profits.
Well lets not forget the exhausts that will melt cars behind you as well.

The turbine engine has a lot of flaws to it, gas consumption being a HUGE one.
Crazy cool, love the headlights makes it look like a hammer head shark!
This is a "lo-fi" version of our main content. To view the full version with more information, formatting and images, please click here.
Invision Power Board © 2001-2018 Invision Power Services, Inc.